Surabaya is Indonesia’s second-largest city and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait. As the main seaport and commercial center in the eastern region of Indonesia, Surabaya has become one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia. Today, Surabaya’s population is around three million, and the surrounding rural area houses at least 7 million.
Surabaya is home to the Eastern Armada, one of two in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected with the Submarine Monument, a real retired Russian submarine, called Pasopati, that was converted into a museum ship in the city center. Suramadu Bridge is also one of the most remarkable achievement in Surabaya. Surabaya also has Mangrove Park as the object for tourism and also research.
This city is located in the equatorial region. Hence there are only two seasons: a very humid rainy season and a dry season. The minimum temperature in Surabaya is about 25 degree Celsius during the months of January, February and March. Usually the high temperature reaches to about 35 degree Celsius during the month of October.
Surabaya is a multi-ethnic city: foreign nationalities represented include Malaysian, Chinese, Indian, Arab, and European. In addition to Javanese and Maduranese natives, the city also has representatives of other Indonesian areas: Sunda, Minangkabau, Batak, Banjar, Balinese, and Bugis. They adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism. Most citizens speak a dialect of Javanese called Suroboyoan. A stereotype of this dialect concerns its equality and directness in speech. The usage of register is less strict than the Central Java dialect. However, as a multi racial city, most people speak the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. English is also widely spoken at major shops, hotels and universities.
Another internationally recognisedachievement is her success in turning Surabaya in to a clean and green city. Surabaya under Mayor Tri Rismaharini has become “Sparkling Surabaya”. From her time as Head of Surabaya Landscape and Cleanliness Department, she converted bare lands and gas stations into city parks. Green open spaces cover more than 20% of Surabaya land area and had been flood-freefor the last three years. Public participation in the environmental program has won the city many environmental awards as a pioneering eco-city. In 2012 Surabaya was awarded the“ ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award”. Since 2006, Surabaya had received the Adipura Kencana, the highest environmental awards in Indonesia yearly.